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  This newsletter will briefly cover the mental effects of physical exercise. First we will cover what we mean by exercise. Next we will cover some benefits of exercising. Finally, we will examine a biological factor that may help improve your mental abilities.

   Many people do not want to exercise especially if they have to exert a lot of energy over a long time period of time. However this strenuous activity is not what is needed.  Instead a moderate 150 minutes "per week" of exercise is recommended. Now if you cannot spend 150 minutes per week on exercise at least try to take two 30 minute walks per week. Then if you are feeling up to it, take a 90 minute bike ride or something similar. Some people have physical limitations and cannot do these things. If that is your case try a method that works for you that helps get your blood flowing throughout your body.

   It is widely known that physical activity has many health benefits.  Some of the health benefits include: decreased rate in heart disease, lower blood pressure, helps prevent diabetes, decreases the risk of colon and breast cancer, increases bone density, and protects joints and reduces swelling.* These are just some of the health benefits. There are others.

   Now we will turn our attention on the biological aspect of physical exercise. It is suggested that a moderate exercise twice a week is needed for the mental benefits to occur and here is why. A protein is increased in the hippocampus area of the brain through "endurance exercise"*. This protein is responsible for new nerve growth in the learning and memory centers of the brain.* It is further suggested that the new cell growth can slow diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's*. It is thought that these diseases can be slowed by the increased BDNF chemical that is found in the hippocampus area of the brain which promotes learning and memory*. In a brief summary, endurance exercise leads to more proteins that create BDNF production in the brain which leads to more memory and learning nerves in the hippocampus.

   For individuals who do not like to exercise there might be some exciting news for you too. Researchers have found a natural substance that can be administered in the bloodstream that mimics the effects of endurance exercise in the brain.*

   However, these results were obtained on mice. It is not know yet known how humans will react but these results are promising though. Future studies are needed. Overall these results may have a profound impact on mental diseases and treatment. Right now, the conclusion is up to you.

*Arany, Z., Davis, I., & Minter-Jordan, M.(2014). Healthy Mind, Healthy Body: Benefits of Exercise. The Joseph B. Martin Conference Center,1, 1-25

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Our mission at Elderly or Disabled Living is to provide help to the ones who need it. EDL’s way of helping others is to assist financially or by providing  resources. Moreover, EDL was created with helping others in mind. Caring for others maybe a little harder to find nowadays, but it is still here and alive. It's just harder to find.